Health

Give Your Foal A Healthy Start

A complete vaccination program helps safeguard horse health from the very beginning.

Give your foal a healthy start with these helpful tips from AQHA Corporate Partner Zoetis. Photo via Rhonda Baxley.

Are you expecting a foal this winter or spring? Are you a little anxious waiting for his arrival? One thing that might help calm your nerves is preparing a vaccination program now to help give your foal a healthy start to his life.

Vaccinations are a crucial part of your horses’ health and are increasingly important for the health of your pregnant mare and her unborn foal. Your newborn foal will receive some antibody immunity through his mother, but will need additional protection from diseases that can still threaten his health. While you’re waiting on your foal’s arrival, talk with your veterinarian about which vaccines your foal might need to help protect him from diseases after birth. The table below includes a list of core and risk-based foal vaccinations - and diseases they help protect against - to help guide this discussion with your veterinarian.

Did you know that AQHA has several free resources available? Download the FREE Potomac Horse Fever ebook to find out how you can address the signs early on.    

Additionally, here are a few important recommendations from the American Association of Equine Practitioners, the leading association of equine veterinarians, to keep in mind as you’re developing your new foal’s vaccination program:

1. Broodmares need to be vaccinated. Your broodmares should have received core and risk-based vaccinations early in their pregnancy or might have received some, such as a rabies vaccine, before breeding.1 Additionally, a booster should be given at least one month prior to foaling to increase antibody levels in the mare’s colostrum.1 Learn more about broodmare vaccination.

2. Involve your veterinarian. With the help of your veterinarian, you should create a vaccine program for all your horses, even those under one year of age.2

3. Your vaccination program might be different than your neighbor’s. Every horse has a unique set of needs, so a standard one-size-fits-all equine vaccination program does not exist. Your veterinarian can advise which vaccinations are likely to be beneficial in your situation and when to administer them.

It's never too late to educate yourself on potential health hazards. Download the FREE Potomac Horse Fever ebook to learn more about this insect-borne disease.

After you develop a vaccination plan, you can track your foal’s vaccinations and health care with the EQStable™ app from Zoetis. The free app allows you to easily manage all your horses’ health care, exercise and more from the palm of your hand.

AAEP FOAL VACCINATION RECOMMENDATIONS1

CORE FOAL VACCINATIONS

Disease

Born to a mare vaccinated in the prepartum period

Born to an unvaccinated mare.

Zoetis Vaccine Solution

Tetanus

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 1 to 4 months of age. 2nd dose 4 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose 4 weeks after 2nd dose.

Annual revaccination.

TETANUS TOXOID

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® 4, 5 or 6

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + EWT

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + VEWT

Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis Virus and Western Equine

Encephalomyelitis

3 doses – 1st dose at 4-6 months of age (foals in southeastern U.S. at 3 months of age). 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 3 to 4 months of age (foals in southeastern U.S. at 3 months of age). 2nd dose 4 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose 60 days after 2nd dose.

Annual revaccination.

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® 4, 5 or 6

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + EWT

West Nile

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 30 days after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 3 to 4 months of age. 2nd dose 30 days after 1st dose. 3rd dose 60 days after 2nd dose.

Annual revaccination.

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + EW

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + EWT

WEST NILE-INNOVATOR® + VEWT

Rabies

2 doses – 1st dose at 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose.

Annual revaccination.

2 doses – 1st dose at 3 to 4 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose.

Annual revaccination.

 

RISK-BASED FOAL VACCINATIONS

Disease

Born to a mare vaccinated in the prepartum period.

Born to an unvaccinated mare.

Zoetis Vaccine Solution

Equine Viral Arteritis

Consult with your veterinarian as needed.

Consult with your veterinarian as needed.

ARVAC®

(Refer to label for restrictions and cautions.)

Equine Influenza

3 doses – 1st dose at 6 months of age. 2nd dose 3 to 4 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 6 months of age. 2nd dose 3 to 4 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

FLUVAC INNOVATOR®

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® EHV-4/1

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® 4, 5 or 6

Equine Herpesvirus — respiratory

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose at 10 to 12 months of age.

Annual revaccination.

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® EHV-4/1

FLUVAC INNOVATOR® 5 or 6

 

Strangles

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 2nd dose.

Annual revaccination.

3 doses – 1st dose at 4 to 6 months of age. 2nd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 1st dose. 3rd dose 4 to 6 weeks after 2nd dose.

 

PINNACLE® I.N.

Leptospirosis

2 doses – 1st dose at 6 months of age. 2nd dose 3 to 4 weeks after 1st dose.

 

Annual revaccination.

2 doses – 1st dose at 6 months of age. 2nd dose 3 to 4 weeks after 1st dose.

Annual revaccination.

LEPTO EQ INNOVATOR®

1 American Association of Equine Practitioners. Expectant Mare: Assuring Health and Well-being of the Pregnant Mare.http://www.aaep.org/info/horse-health?publication=900. Accessed Oct. 20, 2016.

2 American Association of Equine Practitioners. Vaccination Guidelines. http://www.aaep.org/info/vaccination-guidelines. Accessed Oct. 20, 2016.

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