U.S. Remount Service Timeline

1863 – Union Army sets up the Cavalry Bureau within the Office of the Quartermaster General to remedy the remount supply/purchase/distribution problem. 

1899 - 1902 – British army purchases more than 185,000 American horses for export and use during the Boer War in South Africa. 

1908 – The U.S. Remount Service is activated to put the acquisition, processing and distribution of military horses to the using units under the control of a single department of the army. 

1910 – The Remount concept is approved with the provision that the stallions will stand at government farms. 

1913 – 1918 – Representatives of numerous European armies are in the United States to purchase horses for military use in WWI.  They purchase approximately 100,000 head and spend approximately $11,000,000. 

1914 – 1918 – U.S. Army purchases more than 500,000 horses during WWI. 

1919 – The Remount Program is revised in order to be more practical for mare owners.  Instead of all stallions owned by the Remount Service being located at one spot, they are distributed to all three Branch Remount Depots. From the depots they are then assigned to civilian agents.  Regional mare owners can take their mares to a stallion located near their home

1930 – The U.S. Remount Service announces that the Army Horse Breeding Program is responsible for the production of approximately 12,000 foals per year with an estimated value of $2,000,000. 

1941 –700 Remount stallions are standing for public service. 

1942 – The U.S. Coast Guard draws more than 3,000 horses from the Remount Service for beach patrol.  Horses are also utilized for guard duty at prisoner of war camps, military bases, defense plants and sea ports. 

October 31, 1949 – The Army Horse Breeding Program is completely liquidated with all animals, property disposed of and personnel transferred or retired.

2008.8.346, Photo Courtesy of Phil Livingston