Mounted Troops on Parade

Fort Sill, Oklahoma

The Buffalo Soldiers played a vital role in Oklahoma and Indian Territory as well as in other regions of the West.  Both the 9th and 10th Cavalries and the 24th and 25th Infantry served in Indian Territory during the latter nineteenth century.

In 1878, the companies of the 10th Cavalry were sent to Fort Sill, where they watched the reservation, skirmished verbally with the Texas Rangers, and removed Boomers.  By 1879, the intruders crossed the Kansas line in sufficient numbers to occupy the attention of a battalion of Buffalo Soldiers.

Buffalo Soldiers in Indian Territory assisted local authorities and federal marshals, escorted civilians, stagecoaches and freighters, guarded railroad construction workers and mail carriers, forestalled Boomers, chased robbers, horse thieves and cattle rustlers, attempted pacification of Indians, and provided protection in Indian Territory.

This photograph shows mounted Buffalo Soldiers on parade at Fort Sill, Oklahoma.

2014.7.2, Courtesy of The University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections