"Dismount!"

Ninth U.S. Cavalry

Following the Treaty of Paris, which ended the Spanish American War in December of 1898, the United States took control of the former Spanish colonies of Puerto Rico, Guan, and the Philippines.  Companies from the segregated regiments reported to the Presidio of San Francisco on their way to the Philippines in early 1899.  In February of that year Filipino nationalists (Insurectos) led by Emilio Aguinaldo resisted the idea of American domination and began attacking U.S. troops.

The 9th and 10th Cavalry were sent to the Philippines as reinforcements, bringing all four black regiments plus African American national guardsmen into the war against the Insurectos.  The service of the cavalry in the Philippines was described as daily and nightly patrols by small detachments.  Troops often encountered insurgent bands armed with captured Spanish and American guns and bolos.

Following the war, Buffalo Soldier regiments continued to serve at a series of army posts in the United States, Hawaii, and the Philippines.  In the early 20th century, these troops played a prominent role on the west Coast at the Presidio of San Francisco, Yosemite National Park and Sequoia National Park.

This stereograph is an example of the fame the Buffalo Soldiers garnered in the late 19th century.  Stereograph circa 1898.

2014.8.12, Courtesy of The Library of Congress